This was one of the mostâ¦ I would disagree with Lary May that an “orderly universe” ultimately prevailed in his films. Production being what it is, both a linear and non-linear process, it is impossible to know what will be a “hit” with audiences upon release—to know what themes will remain relevant over the course of one, two, or three years. The film only cost about 2 million to produce. Click thru for details, #USIH #twitterstorians! Jeffâs actions are basically harmless until one night he accidently sees a neighbor murder his wife. the Eggheads), and the military. Though Hitchcock is often labeled a misanthrope and misogynist, Fawell finds evidence in Rear Window of a sympathy for the loneliness that leads to â¦ An argument could be made that his feelings of frustration, loneliness and regret grew to a point where his emotions overtook Thorwald and allowed him to brutally murder his wife. The following analysis reveals a comprehensive look at the Storyform for Rear Window.Unlike most of the analysis found hereâwhich simply lists the unique individual story appreciationsâthis in-depth study details the actual encoding for each structural item. “Hitchcockâs Rear Window (1954): The Limited Perspective of the Voyeur.” The Artifice. Was Hitchcock involved in the inquiries of the House on unamerican activities committee investigations? ————————————————————————————————————– We ask that those who participate in the discussions generated in the Comments section do so with the same decorum as they would in any other academic setting or context. “A ‘Rear Window’ View Seen at the Rivoli.” The New York Times 5 Aug. 1954: C3-C4. his fascination with strangulation, corpses, etc.). The plot and more details are available at AMC’s Filmsite. Courtesy of cable television (i.e. Web. The commentary is particularly eloquent because it rarely resorts to words, but is expressed through acute â¦ When Thorwald is not working he spends all of his time caring for his bedridden wife. Still, in Rear Window, Hitchcock is merely a âchair-bound voyeur.â Stewart via Jefferies is Hitchcockâs âalter ego,â according to Spoto. Terrific post linking 50s culture with Hitchcock’s voyeurism in this film. Jefferies. The opinions expressed on the blog are strictly those of the individual writers and do not represent those of the Society or of the writers’ employers. Like the Greenwich Village courtyard view from its titular portal, Alfred Hitchcock's classic Rear Window is both confined and multileveled: both its story and visual perspective are dictated by its protagonist's imprisonment in his apartment, convalescing in a wheelchair, from which both he and the audience observe the lives of his neighbors. Originally released by Paramount Pictures, the film stars James Stewart, Grace Kelly, Wendell Corey, Thelma Ritter, and Raymond Burr.It was screened at the 1954 Venice Film Festival. 2. Read preview. Itâs a level of physical isolation Jeff has never known before. Jeff's surveillance of the Thorwalds. https://s-usih.org/2020/12/call-for-submissions-john-dewey-prize/, Join us for a #USIH2020 roundtable on Mon.  Spoto, 575; Gerald Mast and Bruce F. Kawin, A Short History of the Movies, sixth edition (Boston: Allyn and Bacon, 1996), 326-327. This blog is © 2007-2018 Society for U.S. Spoto characterizes the latter concern as a “resumption of his basic gravity” and a return to Hitchcock’s “profoundest concerns.” Still, in Rear Window, Hitchcock is merely a “chair-bound voyeur.” Stewart via Jefferies is Hitchcock’s “alter ego,” according to Spoto. 3. Spoto argued that Rear Window, along with To Catch a Thief, The Trouble with Harry, and The Man Who Knew Too Much, represents a “warm and comic” period—facilitated by screenwriter John Michael Hayes—in relation to Hitchcock’s general “emotional interest and aesthetic concern.” That period contrasted with “the obsessive fear of lost identity” in films like The Wrong Man, Vertigo, North by Northwest, Psycho, The Birds, and Marnie. Loneliness Many of the characters in Rear Window feel lonely over the course of the film, often in their most private moments. As our primary goal is to stimulate and engage in fruitful and productive discussion, ad hominem attacks (personal or professional), unnecessary insults, and/or mean-spiritedness have no place in the USIH Blog’s Comments section. Despite Hitchcock's reluctance to make statements about the human condition in his films, Rear Window comments movingly on certain universal themes, particularly the loneliness and isolation of humans and the even more particularly a certain kind of modern, American, urban loneliness and isolation. When most people think of Hitchcock, itâs the screeching violins from Psycho that first come to mind. Just the final shot from Rear Window, showing Grace Kelly picking up Vogue magazine and trying to hide it from Jeff, indicates a sense of discomfort and dissatisfaction; it always struck me as Hitch’s way of saying that this relationship would not be a happy one.  Lary May, “Introduction,” in Recasting America: Culture and POlitics in the Age of Cold War, ed. They lived at 328 Chauncey Street, in the Bensonhurst section of Brooklyn. , And, during the Cold War in the Fifties, Americans were expected to merely gaze. They learn how the magnificent set was constructed, marvel at Jimmy Stewart's portrayal of a man on the moral edge, and discuss why Grace Kelly is not a "Lisa." New York Times film critic Bosley Crowther wrote that, âWhat it has to say about people and human nature is superficial and glib. The hero of Alfred Hitchcock's "Rear Window" is trapped in a wheelchair, and we're trapped, too--trapped inside his point of view, inside his lack of freedom and his limited options. Paul & Amy peer into 1957's voyeuristic Hitchcock thriller Rear Window! “Rear Window.” Literature and Film. himself and his films as sui generis, as spectacles from the mind of one “master of suspense” rather than as pieces of popular culture. Rather, our glimpses into other peopleâs lives in Rear Window tend to leave us feeling more aware of the way in which people suffer in close proximity to one another, more sensitive to the sights and sounds of loneliness in our own world.â - Hitchcockâs Rear Window: The Well Made Film by John Fawell As Lary May noted in the “Introduction” to his edited collection, Recasting America, Hitchcock “evoke[d] the [seeming?] Voyeurism, confinement/ expansion, ethics, gender, love, loneliness. With James Stewart, Grace Kelly, Wendell Corey, Thelma Ritter. However, his feelings of isolation began before his crime. Click HERE to make a donation to the National Film Preservation Foundation.] Proceeds benefitted the American-Korean Foundation, which had been “formed to provide emotional and material relief” after the war. #USIH #twitterstorians #businesshistory, We’re accepting submissions for the 2021 John Dewey Prize, honoring a book in the #history of American #philosophy, published 2018-2020. I never made it to the early Thirties or his silent films from the Twenties. Of course, knowing that Burr’s character did commit the murder removes the fuzzy edges and confirms that Americans need to be wary of commies/murders in their midst. 29 Dec. 2015. As I noted in the piece above, Hitchcock had obtained citizenship right around the release of Rear Window. It requires meeting lots of different people and going to many different places but never staying in one place or getting to know one co-worker well enough to become truly comfortable. Mrs. Thorwald nags her husband frequently and he responds by either turning to extra-martial affairs or screaming at his wife in rage. When he passes his long days and nights by shamelessly maintaining a secret watch on his neighbors, we share his obsession. As an aside, despite my admiration for Jefferies’ tenacity in trying to discover the truth, one of things I disliked about Rear Window was how quickly Jefferies came to believe that Lars Thorwald killed his wife. Web. Jeff is a successful, magazine photographer whose job has him travel all around the world at a momentâs notice. portrait of pensive woman sitting at table in the kitchen - loneliness stock pictures, royalty-free photos & images. I have not read John Fawell’s Hitchcock’s Rear Window: The Well-Made Film (Carbondale: Southern Illinois University Press, 2001), but it apparently covers voyeurism as the central theme of the film. What are all of the characters names? Lary May (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1989), 7. They…. Thorwald exhibits the same kind of rage later in the film when he attacks both Jeff and Lisa after being confronted (Melani). Hitchcock's 1950s romantic-thriller "Rear Window" offers a panoramic view of romantic attachment and its drawbacks. At that point Jefferies convalescence becomes a detective activity, drawing in his caretaker, Stella (Thelma Ritter), and his old friend, the detective Tom Doyle (Wendell Corey). Though the name on the marquee of the sold-out run of this world premiere at Connecticutâs Hartford Stage is Kevin Bacon, the real stars of âRear Windowâ are the windows â not to â¦ After itâs release in 1954 the movie was nominated for four Academy Awards, including both best director and screenplay. Intellectual History is a nonpartisan educational organization. …I want to reiterate that I don’t know whether he’s been excluded from well done social and cultural histories on the period. harmony of the affluent world”—of the middle-class—and “then slowly reveal[ed] the irrational terror beneath the placid surface.”, One of the things I like about Rear Window is its use of framing. Watching Rear Window: Notes Rear Windows has been variously categorized as a comedy-thriller, a romance, and a detective story. My love and admiration for Hitchcock began with fuzzy UHF television reruns of the Alfred Hitchcock Presents (or “Hour,” if you prefer). Rear window film also brings about the feeling of deep empathy because of its quite sensitivity with which the author Hitchcock registers in the areas of sound and images thus the feeling of human loneliness and alienation (Fawell 5). Join tonight's #USIH2020 panel: "Reform and Revolution in Business Thought and Rhetoric." In reviewing my notes from a few of those books, only Lary May’s The Big Tomrrow dealt with Hitchcock. Our protagonist L.B. Instead, Hitchcock chose to feature one sparse set and a minimal cast. Alfred Hitchcock. As a kid, watching the Hitchcock Hour at my grandparents’ house, I admired the mystery and suspense of Hitchcock, as well as shows like The Twilight Zone. #USIH #twitterstorians Register here https://us02web.zoom.us/webinar/register/WN_0LjhqJRhS5uASmi01B2-2A. Read essays samples written by our professional writers and feel free to use them as a source of inspiration and ideas for your own academic work. Rear Window study guide contains a biography of Alfred Hitchcock, literature essays, quiz questions, major themes, characters, and a full summary and analysis. 30 Dec. 2015. Apart from mystery and suspense, this time around my interest in Hitchcock was maintained by an appreciation of his eye for set details, lighting, costumes, and varied locations, as well as his differing story lines, attention to camera angles, ear for music, and choices of actors—particularly his eye for the opposite sex. Since we could only police the common square (and not too vigorously debate in it), the terrified voyeurism of Americans was confined to their rear windows.  The film was based on a short story by Cornell Woolrich. Perhaps it’s too obvious. â 1. âRear Windowâ encapsulates the rampant Mccarthyism, and subsequent suspicion, at the time of its release in 1954. As the official blog of the Society of US Intellectual History, we hope to foster a diverse community of scholars and readers who engage with one another in discussions of US intellectual history, broadly understood. Thorwaldâs isolation helps him remain unsuspected by everyone but Jeff. There is no lush scenery or attention grabbing special effects. While other Hitchcock films like, Psycho or The Birds maybe easier to recognize because of their place in popular culture, Rear Window is one of the few films consistently praised as both the directorâs best work and one of the greatest suspense films ever made. Intrigue, mystery romance, loneliness and suspense. A wheelchair-bound photographer spies on his neighbors from his apartment window and becomes convinced one of them has committed murder. I don’t know. When Jefferies injures himself taking a risky picture he is immobilized, confined to a wheelchair inside his apartment for two months. But even the passing references to Hitchcock in other works are scarce. Whew, it’s been a busy fall! His career, like Jeffâs, is one where a person could easily become isolated. © 2007—2020 Society for U.S. Of course citizenship never makes one a native, so there’s that. This also means it has been incorporated into the Dramatica Story Expert application itself as an easily referenced contextual example. “Jeff” Jefferies. Next week we are (actually) talking about 12 Angry Men - â¦ Indeed, it was probably the 1999 Hitchcock centennial that prompted AMC to review so many of his films precisely when I was grad student (1998-2006—with breaks). Ebert, Roger. He is forced to confront the emotional isolation he feels in relationships with characters like Lisa and his detective friend, Doyle. "Rear Window" is a remake of the 1954 film by Alfred Hitchcock starring James Stewart and Grace Kelly of the same title. When she jokingly asks about his âlove lifeâ¦ He was fine with manipulating capitalism to his own ends, when he could. “AFI 100 Films, 100 Years.” American Film Institute. John Michael Hayes' screenplay was based on Cornell Woolrich's (with pen-name William Irish) original 1942 short story or novelette, It Had to Be Murder. What is the producers name of the rear window? I also watched his lesser known and less acclaimed films from the Seventies, Forties, and Thirties. Later, during my adolescent and teenage years, I left Hitchcock behind for girls, science fiction, fantasy, and school concerns. The Society for U.S. 'Rear Window' Themes (12F) Morality Jeff's obsession with spying on his neighbours. Despite my graduate thinking about canons (via the great books idea), I wasn’t concerned about screening only Hitchcock’s “greatest hits” from the Fifties and Sixties—Psycho, Vertigo, Rear Window, The Birds, North by Northwest, etc. When you’re that fast, you can replicate your audiences’ weltanshauungen. And perhaps because we’re a chauvinistic nation(and because of genre)we didn’t see this Brit as making mainstream, truly American movies like a Capra or a Ford…. Start studying The sound of loneliness: Rear Window's soundtrack (Week 4). As an aside, just one year after taking up U.S. citizenship in 1955, Hitchcock earned 4 million dollars but, due to tax shelters, avoiding paying even “a cent of tax.” This correlates with Alpers relaying that Hitchcock, while he tried to preserve his artistic integrity, thoroughly engaged the Hollywood scene. CUNY-Brooklyn. In Alfred Hitchcockâs enthralling film, Rear Window, set in Manhattan, New York in the 1950s, Hitchcock draws attention to the way physical immobility is simply an echo of emotional immobility as represented by the protagonist, L.B. Rear Window is a 1954 American mystery thriller film directed by Alfred Hitchcock and written by John Michael Hayes based on Cornell Woolrich's 1942 short story "It Had to Be Murder". DUE 1/31/2021. Perhaps Hitchcock wasn’t included in cultural/social histories because he was so successful at framing (if I may use your term!) Today I want meditate on a Hitchcock classic—one of the top 50 all-time films (#48) according the American Film Institute: Rear Window. Rear Window also grossed 10 million dollars by the end of 1956 (anywhere from $66.1-345 million in 2012 dollars). Tags: .USIH Blog, 1950s, Alfred Hitchcock, Cold War, containment, Donald Spoto, For the Love of Film III, Lary May, Rear Window, Tim Lacy. Thorwald does not make enough of an impression to even earn a clever nickname from Jeff, whose day now consisted almost entirely of making up nicknames for his neighbors. Introduction TV and film adaptations of literature do more than translate the written work to the visual medium. The beginning of the film shows Jeff has broken a leg in a racetrack accident. Although Jeff struggles with his temporary version of forced isolation it actually serves him better then expected. In 1998, the American film association chose Rear Window as the 42nd best film ever made out of the top 100 (“AFI 100 Films, 100 Years”). Crowther, Bosley. I had apparently made a silent choice, this being a grad school hobby, to avoid thinking about Hitchcock contextually, in relation to the time of conception and production of his films. But it does expose many facets of the loneliness of city life and it tacitly demonstrates the impulse of morbid curiosityâ (C3). âThe Sound of Loneliness, Rear Windowâs Soundtrack,â Studies in the Humanities. rear view of woman looking out to city through window - loneliness stock pictures, royalty-free photos & images. They learn how the magnificent set was constructed, marvel at Jimmy Stewart's portrayal of a man on the moral edge, and discuss why Grace Kelly is not a "Lisa." “Rear Window Movie Review & Film Summary (1954) | Roger Ebert.” Movie Reviews and Ratings by Film Critic Roger Ebert. As Jefferies winds his way toward solving the mystery, trying to avoid attracting Thorwald’s attention to his snooping, Hitchcock introduces a memorable cast of side characters: the sad sack Miss Lonely Hearts (Judith Evelyn); the athletic, sexy ballet dancer, Miss Torso (Georgine Darcy); the friendly but disaffected “Composer” (Ross Bagdasarian); the unhappy newlyweds; and a spinster cat lady. Adding to his frustration is the fact that he can no longer run from relationships by leaving town for a job. Just as the power of Hopperâs paintings lies in what he chooses to exclude, so the tension and spectacle in Hitchcockâs Rear Window relies on what is obscured or unseen. Rear Window is a classic mystery film that was released on September 1st, 1954, and directed by Alfred Hitchcockâ a revolutionary in voyeuristic cinema. And we, with Hitchcock, are âgazersâ at the larger worldâat murder, sex, lonelinessâat modernity. âRear Windowâ also evokes the yearning of relationships during lockdown, in the photographerâs romance with a socialite played by Grace Kelly. After your screening, let me know if you too see it as a metaphor for the containment, suspicion, and voyeurism of the Cold War. Melani, Lilia. Beamish, Greg. I also hadn’t lost my adolescent delight in Hitch’s sense of the macabre (e.g. Returning to my experiences watching Hitchcock while also a graduate student, and trying to connect my viewings with that graduate training, in retrospect I am surprised at how little his films were discussed in the cultural histories I read on the Forties, Fifties, and Sixties. Plus: Lane Moore, author of How To Be Alone, talks about how she deals with loneliness and isolation. All text (including posts, pages, and comments) posted on this blog on or after August 7, 2012, is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. #USIH #twitterstorians https://s-usih.org/conference/conferences/, Hey @Ideas_History /#USIH fans!  What’s interesting to me now is how I thought about and watched his films on his terms alone. Hitchcock emphasizes the separation between the people by confining them to their own spaces.  Lary May, The Big Tomorrow: Hollywood and the Politics of the American Way (Chicagao: University of Chicago Press, 2002), 222. And why did Hitchcock let it be the husband? Early in the film, Jeff sees the Thorwalds arguing multiple times but is not interested in their bickering. Despite the vast critical attention it has received, one aspect of Rear Window remains underappreciated and under-analyzed: its soundtrack. Copyright Â© 2013- 2020 - MyPaperWriter.com, Isolation in Alfred Hitchcockâs Rear Window, Hitchcockâs Preservation of the Patriarchal Hegemony Through Power Shifts in Psycho, William Faulknerâs A Rose for Emily versus Alfred Hitchcockâs Psycho. …Let me research for a minute. They are all together in this courtyard, â¦ Even when we’re looking out of harmless rear windows, we can’t understand the total context of what’s in our supposedly safe suburban backyards and tidy urban courtyards. Though this point was subsumed in a popular murder-suspense story, he nevertheless captured our containment on screen. Temporary isolation proves to be a hidden blessing for Jefferies but has the opposite effect for the filmâs antagonist, Lars Thorwald. In any case, it worked out for me. And we, with Hitchcock, are “gazers” at the larger world—at murder, sex, loneliness—at modernity. Rear Window remained out of circulation until Oct 1983, when it was re-released by Universal/MCA two years after Hitchcockâs death. Sit back & enjoy the scholarship! Use promo "samples20" and get a custom paper on "Isolation in Alfred Hitchcockâs Rear Window" with 20% discount! During one of the Jeffâs earlier spying sessions he watches various neighbors and gives them nicknames based on physical or personality traits he observes (Crowther C4). If he were not so emotionally and physically isolated, he would probably think eavesdropping was wrong but is disconnected to such an extreme that the thought never crosses his mind. Americans were to inform on the suspicious activities of others. Apparently the film generated a “mob scene” at the Rivoli. @Tinky: Thanks for the comment. The normally independent and carefree Jeff is now stuck in his apartment, confined to a wheel chair and dependent upon his nurse, Stella, played by Thelma Ritter and his girlfriend Lisa Fremont, played by Grace Kelly. Therefore, we reserve the right to remove any comments that contain any of the above and/or are not intended to further the discussion of the topic of the post. He is symbolic of the heroic efforts we should all make to properly frame the truth. Paul & Amy peer into 1957's voyeuristic Hitchcock thriller Rear Window! The various window frames outlining Miss Lonely Hearts, Miss Torso, The Composer, and the newlyweds speak to our limited understanding of the other. 20 Feb. 2010. Those frames are a metaphor for our inability to understand the fuzzy edges, and beyond, of what’s outlined. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Unlike other movies with such high accolades, Rear Window is neither a historical epic or high drama. Web. Relationships/ Marriage Married couple v the Newlyweds Jeff and Lisa - evolution of the relationship. The responsibility has isolated him from the outside world so much that he almost goes unnoticed by others. Interesting post Tim- Your observation about the framed views of the characters is convincing and I would only add that it seems to me that Jefferie’s is viewing these characters from a even narrower lens, his telescopic camera, which makes his analysis more intrusive and myopic. As such, Jeffâs insubstantial speculation about Thorwald murdering his bedridden wife is disturbingly reflective of the social strife in 1950s America, as thousands accused theiâ¦ Good stuff! The mere voyeurism was, oddly, vital to the national interest. If my impression of Hitchcock citations in relation to the Cold War is off, I would greatly appreciate correction in the comments to this piece. Submitted by perpster on Sun, 04/21/2019 - 1:34am. I recorded many of those AMC showings on VHS, and kept a log (yes, I’m a nerd like that) of my viewings in a copy of Donald Spoto’s The Dark Side of Genius (Little, Brown, 1983; Da Capo, 1999). Since the USIH bloggers write under our real names, we would prefer that our commenters also identify themselves by their real name. Produced in 1953 and released in 1954, Rear Window traced the homebound activities of a convalescent-but-formerly-world-traveling photo-journalist, L.B. The bored Jeff is forced to find a new way to entertain himself and takes to spying on his apartment complex neighbors through his courtyard adjacent rear window. This is what Hitchcock saw in 1950s America—lonely Americans desperate to understand each other. When different productions are made from the same story, audiences are usually…, Hitchcock played a role in preserving the patriarchal hegemony of gender roles through power shifts in male/female relationships and the subsequent preservation of power with the male due to the…, Although it may seem that William Faulknerâs novel A Rose for Emily and Alfred Hitchcockâs horror movie Psycho have little in common, in reality, they share several important similarities. @zeithistoriker is chairing. We’re always missing some key part of the story. As demonstrated above, it is not difficult to read Rear Window as a product and reflection of the Cold War. Whilst he is indeed known for his hair-curling thrillers, Rear Windowis a slightly subtler film which focuses not on a murderer at large, but rather a crippled photographer who never even leaves his apartment. Jefferies tried to understand, to rationalize, the world beyond his frame of reference.. May noted that Hitchcock dealt with “alienated, deranged characters,” and “hidden enemies,” but ultimately “assured viewers [in his films] that an orderly universe prevailed.” Other than May, perhaps I simply did not read enough on film (e.g. Ralph, Alice, Ed and Trixie would probably take umbrage at these comments. Rear Window, maybe? A critic also refers to him as a "connoisseur of the perverse," alluding to how Hitchcock is able to render voyeurism ethically ambiguous, instead of harshly criticising the observation of other lives for pleasure. Directed by Alfred Hitchcock. This film masterpiece was made entirely on one confined set built at Paramount Studios - a realistic courtyard composed of 32 â¦  And, during the Cold War in â¦ Rear Window (1954) is an intriguing, brilliant, macabre Hitchcockian visual study of obsessive human curiosity and voyeurism. Jefferies, smartly played by James Stewart, and his gorgeous, camera-friendly Manhattan socialite girlfriend, Lisa Carol Freemont (Grace kelly). The Sound of Loneliness: Rear Window's Soundtrack . Check out our video library, with new roundtables ready to view on 19thc utopia, carceral culture, religion & conservatism, + more. Americans were alone together (with apologies to Sherry Turkle), watching each other through frames of fear—wondering what evils lurked out of view. Plus: Lane Moore, author of How To Be Alone, talks about how she deals with loneliness and isolation. @Paul: Good question! It’s trivia, but it may be interesting to know that Grace kelly turned down the role of Eva Marie Saint in Elia Kazan’s On the Waterfront to work with Hitchock instead.. – TL. Oddities were to be shunned, but were nevertheless the objects of our collective gaze. ————————————————————————————————————–. Rear Window eventually garnered Hitchcock a best director nomination (one of five total in his career). …I just remembered, in typing this comment, that I meant to look into Stephen Whitfield’s Culture of the Cold War. I think you’re right that Hitchcock films are almost always relatable to their period, and you argue well for this one; I like the “frames of reference” notion.
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